DIABETES – RETINA – the leading cause of blindness in the world

dijabetes (retina)

Diabetes (retina) is the leading cause of blindness in the world…

When the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the body does not use the produced insulin properly, this leads to diabetes, a chronic illness.

What does that mean for the eyes…?

Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness and poor vision in working age people. Unfortunately, the eye is often damaged due to diabetes and diabetes will not spare any part of the eye if it develops.

The worst possible complication in connection with diabetes and the eyes is diabetic retinopathy.

If it is established that a patient is suffering from diabetic retinopathy, this means that there is damage to the inner layer of the eye called the retina, a part of the eye made of nerve cells. The light entering the eye is converted into an electric impulse inside the retinal nerves, which then “travels” into the brain creating the image that we see. Thus, the retina has a key role in vision. In case of diabetes, it is especially affected because diabetes targets the smallest blood vessels.

Possible changes of the anterior segment of the eye include:

– stye (on eyelids),
– frequent inflammations, conjunctivitis (on the conjunctiva),
– reduced corneal sensitivity (neurotrophic keratitis),
– neovascularization of the iris,
– reduced distance vision,
– blurring of vision,
– double image, etc.

The first and most important step in the treatment of retinopathy is its constant and detailed monitoring, even if there are no further visible changes. Furthermore, monitoring depends on how blood sugar is regulated, the type of therapy and the changes that generally occur.

Treatment is performed using a laser, i.e. by the laser sealing of the damaged parts of the retina. If the disease has advanced, a more complex procedure called a VITRECTOMY will be required. Be sure you treat eyes affected by diabetes in time, because the condition may be more serious than it looks.

Be sure you treat eyes affected by diabetes in time, because the condition may be more serious than it looks. Prevent the unnecessary development of cataracts or glaucoma!

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